March 14, 2012

Pine Ridge Students Team Up to Create Public Art

ALP_AB_PineRidge20120222_0059January Tobacco applies grout to Red Cloud mosaic. Photo by Keevin Lewis, NMAI

In December, Angela Babby, an Oglala Lakota artist who works in glass mosaics, visited our museum in Washington, D.C., to research our collection of objects related to the Oglala, Sicangu, and Sans Arc Lakota Sioux tribes. And just as these beautiful, decades-old objects taught Angela about traditional Native American techniques and materials, Angela decided to share her research, talent and time with young, budding artists from the Pine Ridge, Cheyenne River, and Rosebud reservations for a public art project at the Red Cloud High School in Pine Ridge, South Dakota. The project, titled The Red Clouds, is a collaboration with high school youth to create glass-mosaic designs around the image of Chief Red Cloud.

Two high school students, January Tobacco and Kristian Big Crow, came after school to receive information and instruction from Ms. Babby in design, glass-cutting, mosaic, and picture-framing techniques. The students designed individual patterns around Chief Red Cloud, set the grout, framed their mosaics, and then etched their signatures and the date into their work in a project that took inspiration from the art of Andy Warhol.

Leah Maltbie, an art teacher at Red Cloud who was present at all of the classes, was amazed by the process and excited to try it herself in the future. The supplies to start a glass-mosaic art program at the school were left behind, along with the makings for three more artworks in The Red Clouds project, to be made by students who couldn't be there for every session of the workshop. The finished glass-mosaic pieces are scheduled to be installed in a public location at Red Cloud High School in the coming months.

398px-ALP_AB_PineRidge20120222_0086Kristian Big Crow signing his finished art work. Photo by Keevin Lewis, NMAI

There is currently a collaborative push between Red Cloud High School and the Heritage Center, an art museum located on the same campus, to create educational programs on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Angela's intention with this project was to add her name to the long list of individuals committed to helping to enhance the opportunities available to the students at the school who are working very hard to improve their lives.

ALP_AB_PineRidge20120222_0097Tobacco, Big Crow, and Babby with finished art work. Photo by Keevin Lewis, NMAI

The mosaic class allowed the students to learn new techniques, work with new materials, and meet a professional artist. The goal of the project was to give the students more tools with which to find their own unique ways to express themselves and honor their heritage in the future.

Congratulations to January, Kristian, and Angela for creating new works of art for your community!

Keevin Lewis, Community Services Coordinator, NMAI

Angela Babby's research in the museum's collections and her workshop at the Red Cloud High School were supported by her participation in the museum's Artist Leadership Program

Comments (4)

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Wow really cool. Just great to see young artist sharing there works with the community. I absolutely love the different interpretations the two artist did of Chief Red Cloud. Really neat. Thanks for the well written article and I look forward to coming back. Thanks

Very interesting, thanks for the article!

that's cool, so creative,young people with full imagination can make a great art like that. Thanks for the good written article and I look forward to coming back.

This is such a great idea. I want to show my little girl how to do this as she loves to try new things.

I will let you know what she does.

Thank you.

April 27, 2011

“Call It Caddo”

Robin Montoya (Caddo/Wichita), photo by M. Patterson (Caddo)

By Keevin Lewis, NMAI Community Services Coordinator

Revivals in Oklahoma can mean many different things to people. But for Jeri Redcorn (Caddo/Potawatomi), the revival of Caddo pottery is her main mission and personal story. Following the forced removal from their traditional lands, Jeri realized that today Caddo people are no longer making any pots and the pottery traditions are lost.

Following her acceptance into the NMAI Artist Leadership Program, Ms. Redcorn came to the Smithsonian in December 2010 and “discovered” that pots in the SI collections were named Hodges, Avery, Maxey, Haley, Bailey, etc. She's now determined to reclaim Caddo cultural material.

Jeri’s first step was to host a two-day Caddo Ceramics Workshop at the Sam Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History (SNOMNH) in Norman, Oklahoma. This workshop took place on March 10, 11, 2011. Approximately 30 participants attended this workshop, which included an overview and history of Caddo pottery, photos from the collections of the NMAI and the SNOMNH, tour of the Caddo exhibition and Caddo collections at SNOMNH, discussion on clay types, and time for making pottery. These students made bowls, cups, and other types of containers with Caddo designs and patterns seen for the SNOMNH collections and exhibitions.

Ms. Redcorn’s next step was to address the issue of nomenclature of Caddo pottery. And a great place to begin this discussion was right next door at the Oklahoma History Center (OHC) on Saturday, March 12, 2011, where Jeri organized a symposium and invited key individuals to address important Caddo art and cultural issues. With the Director of OHC, Dr. Bob Blackburn, and Justice Yvonne Kauger, Oklahoma Supreme Court, and Stacey Halfmoon, American Indian Cultural Center & Museum, leading off with introductions to a symposium on Caddo History and Ceramics, the stage was set to initiate a dialogue as to why Caddo cultural materials held in museums ought to be changed to titles that are culturally appropriate to the Caddo people.

Phil Cross, Caddo Historian, and Dr. George Sabo, III, Arkansas Archeological Survey Professor of Anthropology, University of Arkansas, talked about how the Caddo people have endured removal from traditional lands, loss of language, stories, and traditions, and continue to exist while overcoming great odds for cultural survival. Even though most Caddo cultural material held in museums and archives are named after archeologists and archeological sites, renaming of these items are possible in collaboration and consultation with Caddo people and museums by learning from each other in the renaming process. As a result of this symposium, Dr. Sabo, Mr. Cross, and Ms. Redcorn were invited to make the same presentation at the Caddo Archeology Conference on March 23, 2011, in Ft. Smith, Arkansas. It was reported that the response to their presentations were highly welcomed!


Symposium participants at the Oklahoma History Center, Stacey Halfmoon,
Caddo, Phil Cross, Caddo, Bronwyn Gordon, Caddo, Dr. George Sabo.
Photo by Mary Patterson (Caddo)

If the Caddo Ceramic Workshop and Symposium weren’t enough information for the average participant, then I’m sure the afternoon of Caddo dancing is the best way to end the “Caddo Festival: Honoring Our Caddo Elders” events at OHC. With Phil Cross as the emcee and hosted by the Caddo Culture Club Singers, the afternoon following the symposium was filled with the Turkey Dance, Drum Dance, Fish Dance, Swing Dance, Vine Dance, Duck Dance, Alligator Dance, the Stirrup Dance and Bell Dance. It was reported by OHC staff that approximately 400 people attended these Caddo dance performances! Somehow all these dances were completed within 4 hours during the daylight, as most of these dances are usually performed overnight ending at sunrise.

Now that these events have past, the Caddo culture continues through pottery making, art shows, music and dances, with Jeri Redcorn as the mentor and teacher who is striving and reviving the lost art of Caddo Pottery. I have learned that Jeri is a very methodical and earnest individual and given the time, resources, and opportunity she is bound to make changes. Jeri notes that she “accepts the challenge and responsibility to share her pottery experience so this clay art is not lost, but handed down from generation to generation with the utmost respect.”

The next Artist Leadership/Emerging Artist Program deadline is May 2, 2011. Please see the NMAI website under Indigenous Contemporary Arts Program form more information: Artist Leadership/Emerging Artist Program

Comments (5)

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Wonderful! Kudos to Jeri! She's carried her curiosity to fullblown passion. I am honored to call her my friend. You too, Phil. :)

Great article, Jeri! You and Keevin do each other proud. I wish I had gotten to attend the clay pottery days, but enjoyed the history presentation and the dance.

it is nice info, even though i have no idea what was going on there but it seems like truely festive show. just can't wait the post for the next show of pottery making. oh, and i think it would be lots of fun if you put some more pics.

Great article, Jeri! You and Keevin do each other proud. I wish I had gotten to attend the clay pottery days, but enjoyed the history presentation and the dance.

Wow, you might say that the technology is very good! Photo, so beautiful, very clear, wish you good luck, create the future together!

January 24, 2011

From Alaska to Arizona: Native Artists Explore the NMAI Collections and Beyond

By Keevin Lewis, NMAI's Community Services Coordinator

20101101_01a_raw_ps_006 Artist-in-Residence John Hudson of Metlakatla, Alaska, examines the museum's collection of Tsimshian puppets and masks. (Photo by Roger Whiteside, NMAI Staff Photographer)

Since August 2010, seven Native artists have used the NMAI collections to gain inspiration and renew cultural connections before returning home to conduct community art projects with other artists or Native youth in their communities. Dylan Miner (Metis), John Hudson (Tsimshian), Erica Lord (Athabascan/Inupiaq), Royce Manuel Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian), Jeri Redcorn (Caddo/Potawatomi), Kelly Church (Grand Traverse Band of Ottawa and Ojibwe Indians), and Eric Hamar (Haida) all came to Washington, DC, to study and document cultural material in the Smithsonian collections, archives, meet with SI staff, and conduct staff and public art presentations.

Knowing that Indigenous people have historically traveled in sustainable ways, Dylan Miner came to the Cultural Resources Center (CRC) to study Native transportation items, such as, carts, canoes, shoes that were eventually replaced by the automobile, plane, or bicycle. Dylan’s Youth Public Art Project hopes to work with about 10 Native youth in East Lansing, MI, to collectively produce 10 unique lowrider bicycles that will reflect the urban Native community in Michigan and serve as portraits for noteworthy Metis and Anishinaabeg visionaries.

Oral Native storytelling encompasses a variety of formats and puppetry is one method of storytelling for the Tsimshian of Metlakatla, Alaska, which is located about 20 miles south of Ketchikan. John Hudson  researched wooden Tsimshian puppets that were carved and used to explain legends, battles, and cosmologies. Mr. Hudson plans to collaborate with the Tsmishian art class in the Annette Island School District in Metlakatla, AK. The art students will help in the creation of numerous puppets, and will assist in the planning and public performance of the puppets.

399px-20101102_01a_raw_ps_021 Erica Lord traveled from Nenana, Alaska to learn more about the material culture of Alaska's Athabascan tribes, and how popular culture has connected indigenous groups that are geographically disparate and remote. (Photo by Roger Whiteside, NMAI Staff Photographer)

For Erica Lord it is all about the future for the youth in her home community of Nenana, Alaska, some  50 miles west of Fairbanks. Ms. Lord searched high and low in the collections, Photos and Film Archives of images of the Tanana Athbascans and material culture of the Gwich’in, Canadian Dene, and the Inupiaq to the north. For Erica’s community project, she will collaborate with the boarding school students who are from rural villages who attend school in Nenana and stay at the Student Living Center and create a wall mural in Nenana. The theme of the wall mural will explore how these young people relate to and define the history and culture of their village.

For Royce Manuel his goal is to recreate the tools of yesterday using the most authentic materials and methods. By studying the Kia-ha here at the CRC and at the Department of Anthropology for the National Museum of Natural History at MSC, Royce was challenged to gather and record as much information to patterns and size of agave fiber used to create these carrying baskets. Mr. Manuel plans to conduct an Artist Community Workshop to teach the methods, processing, and creating Kia-ha under the theme “Binding Our Future to the Past” in Scottsdale, Arizona, from January 29 to February 11, 2011. Royce told me that because the baskets are no longer used in its traditional sense no one has made these baskets in over 60 years. The NMAI Collections once again is a vital resource to Native artists for sharing skills and methods of Native knowledge through art.

20101101_01a_raw_ps_010 Royce Manual researches the traditional methods of Kia-ha baskets for a community workshop he will hold this winter in his hometown of Scottsdale, Ariz. (Photo by Roger Whiteside, NMAI Staff Photographer)

Revivals in Oklahoma can mean many different things to people. But for Jeri Redcorn the revival of Caddo pottery is her main mission and personal story. Following the forced removal from their traditional lands Jeri realized that today no Caddo are making any pots and the pottery traditions are lost. After spending 2 weeks last month in the Smithsonian collections at the CRC and MSC, Jeri will share her new knowledge and inspiration with 30 other artists at the Oklahoma Museum of Natural History and the Oklahoma History Center March 10 – 12, 2011. Jeri Redcorn sees herself as a teacher and mentor and notes that she “accepts the challenge and responsibility to share her pottery experience so this clay art is not lost, but handed down from generation to generation with the utmost respect.”

One of the challenges of the NMAI Artist Leadership Program (ALP) is to provide a stimulating and empowering learning experience for all Native participants while here in Washington, DC. And when the participants are able to return for the second or even third time this challenge is set even higher. So with the third NMAI visit by Kelly Church we expanded her research time to include consultations with staff from the Woody Landscape Plant Germplasm Repository of the U.S. National Arboretum and Prints & Photographs Division of the Library of Congress. For Kelly it is all about black ash trees, the Emerald Ash Borer, and the legacy of the cultural and traditional black ash basket making. Ms. Church will conduct a Community Arts Symposium to include Native leaders on black ask basket making, seed collection and seed driers, harvesting and preparing black ash. This symposium is scheduled to take place in Plainwell, MI, April 5 – 7, 2011.

380px-20101209_01a_raw_ps_016 Eric Hamar, a carver, studies the museum's collection of Haida masks. (Photo by Roger Whiteside, NMAI Staff Photographer)

Eric Hamar is a participant in the NMAI Emerging Artist Program (EAP) as a sophomore in Native  American Studies at the University of Fairbanks. This track is shorter than ALP but still allows the participants to research the collections, meet with staff, and conduct staff presentations. Mr. Hamar knows the Haida language is on the decline and is making an effort to learn as much Haida as possible. Eric is also a carver and hopes to carve a fully functional dancing mask that incorporates facial features that will be painted with the corresponding Haida word. This will be Eric’s contribution to incorporating his Native language in art.

It is truly amazing to see so many SI, NMAI and off site facilities helped to make this ALP and EAP so meaningful to so many Native artists and their communities. Thanks goes to staff in NMAI Collections, Conservation, Photo and Film Archives, Education, Public Programs, Resource Center, Administration, Protection Services, Information Technology, Exhibitions, Curatorial, Public Affairs, Photo Services, Film & Video, External Affairs, Department of Anthropology, National Anthropological Archives, SI Arctic Studies Center, Library of Congress, U.S. National Arboretum, PROVISION Learning Project, SI Enterprises, Smithsonian Magazine, Discovery Theatre, La Mama Theatre, First Peoples Fund, Alaska Public Radio, and the Indian Craft Shop, Department of Interior.

The Emerging Artist Program seeks to enhance the artistic growth of emerging artists in high school and college. This program aims to rebuild cultural self-confidence, enable artists to think more broadly about themselves while providing the art student with new learning environments and resources of cultural materials.

The NMAI Artist Leadership Program enables indigenous artists to research, document, network, and then return to their home communities empowered with new artistic knowledge and skills to share with their community and the general public the value of Native knowledge through art. This program aims to rebuild cultural self-confidence, enable artists to think more broadly about themselves and their art while perpetuating indigenous cultures and reflecting artistic diversity.

The next ALP and EAP deadline for applications is April 4, 2011.

Please see the NMAI website under Indigenous Contemporary Arts Program for more information on ALP and EAP:



Comments (12)

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wow! Hopefully the Project is to work with about 10 Native youth in East Lansing, MI, to collectively produce 10 unique lowrider bicycles that will reflect the urban Native community in Michigan and serve as portraits for noteworthy Metis and Anishinaabeg visionaries.

That's my uncle Royce!! Wow! You're doing a fantastic job and your art work is amazing! Go Royce!!

I attended Mr. Manuel's workshop this past Saturday with my husband and six year old stepson. I have always admired Royce's work. I especially appreciate the fact that he does it in the most traditional ways. I love how he would never consider taking a more modern shortcut to produce his work. It is in these truly traditional methods that we can begin to understand and appreciate what our Native American ancestors went through. Attending Royce's workshop is truly a blessing that continues to unfold for me and my husband. Just being there with the other people who shared the appreciation for preserving our native cultures was medicine as we all worked together as a community on our projects. Listening to the other participants and learning their reasons for being there was also very moving. I believe workshops and events like this can truly bring all our Native people closer together as well as bringing great healing and restoring a real sense of worth to all Native peoples.

Just a few words for my good friend Royce... The time and effort he puts into every piece of artwork makes Us, the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, very proud. Royce's knowledge of our past will keep our strong heritage growing. As long as Royce continues to share his love and pride of our peoples, we will always have a future filled with our traditions. His ever-loving family's support will ensure his success as one of the keepers of our flame. Continue to use this blessing and make all nations proud.

Thanks to Royce and Debbie Manuel and all those who helped to bring the Kia-ha project to Salt River Community. I was so excited to visually see Kia-ha made by Royce and pictures of those made long ago. Then to be able to touch them and get a close up experience was bridging the gap of those who have gone before to me personally.
Today I continued to prepare the fibers and make long strands of cordage. It is very gratifying to see the cordage develop in my own hands. this has also given me an opportunity to connect with others who are language speakers, I love hearing the O'odham language spoken by our Elders it gives me a sense of belonging.
Thanks again for a great day.

A special thanks to Royce Manuel and his family for taking the time to include us in his journey by teaching us the traditions that our ancestors had as a part of their everyday lives. To have the opportunity to work with the fiber and make cordage has been a most gratifying experience. And the smile it brought to my Auntie when I told her what I have been blessed to be a part of gives me even more strength to want to learn even more. And It assures her that traditions are still being taught and will not be lost.
Thank you Mr Manuel.

I love to see people with passion doing what they love and believe in. A worthy mission for sure!

Good to see this event held in Michigan. will wait too see next year.

thank you for this insightful article..It assures her that traditions are still being taught and will not be lost.

thank you for this insightful article.

very nice and i do get lots of information to this post..thank you!

very nice article. thanks for sharing.